A commonplace of german politics

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Voting tactics

18 September, 2009 (16:34) | elections | By: Aerar

Not alone the politicians and the political parties have to make compromises in their daily political work. The same is urged from the voter as well. In general this is quite natural as there will be hardly any voter who agrees absolutely with all goals and statements of any political party or candidate. This experience is made in all days life as well every day.

But in politics aspects are bundled which the voter has to consider. For example the parties with their manifestos and candidates are a unit which can’t be splitted. If the voter makes a certain party loosing some influence in the same go he reduces the influence of single politicians of this party even if he is satisfied with their work in particular. In some case this fact brings voters to elect persons and not parties with their second vote as well.

But the main problem of many electors are tactical considerations as he wants to let his vote have an effect. Lucky are those who are followers of the CDU or the SPD as those two still are counted to be the two antipodes of the german politic. And there is no realistic coalition in which none of these two would be participating. Even another coalition between those two is probable.

It is presumed that the other three parties which most probably will get into the Bundestag have a preferation of either the CDU (the FDP) or of the SPD (Die Grünen and Die Linke). There preferation must not mean more than disagreing strongly with the other party. Voters of these parties have a higher risk that their party will not get into government in the end. Especially when the result would be a great coalition of CDU and SPD some of them would wonder afterwards whether they should not have given their vote for one of the big parties which could serve their personal goals better than the other does. The influence of the governing parties would be probably much different if such thoughts would be considerated.

Much bigger is the trouble for voters of all the other parties. They know that their party will not get into the Bundestag and that therefore their vote is “lost”. Realisticly they have to consider to better vote for one of the bigger parties instead, which is closest to their aims. Should not for example the voters of Die Piraten, depending on personal preferences, better give their vote to the FDP or Die Grünen to get their goals? Or even for the SPD which in a great coalition would serve them maybe better than the CDU? For many sympathizers of smaller parties such considerations are a realistic problem when giving their vote.

But there are some reasons to actually elect the party which after solid consideration turns out to be the personal favourite. First this would give the good feeling to have stated the opinion which seemed to be the personal best. In addition there is a trend that the bigger parties are continuosly loosing influence while smaller parties gain more of it. Actually especially the FDP, Die Grünen and Die Linke take profit from this development. But as well Die Piraten which are ready to get (elected) into Parliaments soon enough. And right-wing parties have already managed to do so. In the end smaller parties profit from those “lost” votes which pays in percentages but as well in money (german).