In my first drafts for a political program (German) I have examined guidelines (German), which should give the program a direction and which could serve as a basis for concrete political answers. In the beginning there will be no complete set of guidelines and especially in special themes they still need to be found. The guidelines I want to present here therefore are more general and probably most of the existing political parties would, at least officially, agree with them, even though many in my eyes are far from following them:
- The civil state
- Quality of life
The concept of a civil state (German) should lead to a stronger identification and collaboration of the state and its citizens. After all the state is the representative, which is created by the citizens themselves to give them an agent for their common and greater interests. The institution of the state at many places is to far from this idol. There are too many servant or organs of the state who are closer to their own interests or to those of the abstract idea of the state than to those of the citizens which they originally would have to serve. So in many cases the state patronizes its citizens and acts against the interests of its citizens.
On the other hand many citenzens consider the state as an opponent, which tehy do not want to support or which they want to fight in worst case. The citizens as well often try to get their personal interests realized even though that would in much stronger means would lead to a drawback for the state. As long as the interests of the state and its citizens can’t be brought together there will always be problems which would strain both, the state and the citizens.The state is not more but not less than the agent of its citizens who on the other hand are a part of the sate.
The actions of the state need to be transparent for the citizens as the state is the agent of its citizens and owes them accountability. This transparency (German) is a debt the state has to fulfil withou being asked for. The citizen on the other hand has the duty to evaluate the actions of its state and to influence it.
Politics need to be as simple as possible (German). This means simplicity in the inner logic and the reasons for political decision. Complex measures might be capable of realizing detailed effects but nevertheless have to be avoided as they do more damage than positive. This is because complex measures often profed to fail because they could in praxis not be realized on this detailed level because the creators of such complex measures too often do not understand them fully themselves. In addition complex measures have many unexpected results and loopholes which can’t be eliminated completely even by experts. The realisation of complex measures is very difficult which leads to a large amount of failures in their realisation and they lead to a larger amount of beaurocracy. Complex measures in the end solve problems worse than simple measures.
Above that complex measure are hardly or even not understandable for the citizens, especially as they usually are no experts. A measure that can not be understood could in the best be followed but never be accepted. The people lose some of their quality of live when they are forced to live by rules which they do not understand. The principle of transparacy is undermined by complex measures and fairness can’t be reached without comparability. The civil state is not practiced when the state patronises his citizens with measures they can not understand. Complex measures are uneffective and are contradictory to almost any other guideline of this program. The simple measure are a basis of this political program.
The state has to consider the interests of its citizens in its politic. The understanding which measures are fair will nevertheless cover a wide range among the citizens and among the representatives of the state. The consensus at least would be that everyone is in favour of a fair treatment and that there are different ideas of fairness (German).
A widely accepted agreement of what is fair possibly only could be reached if within a broad discussion criteriae for fair measures would be stated. As long this is not done, fairness will stay a meaningless construct which without consequences could be used to support any political opinion. But fairness would not be reached that way.
The state as keeper of the interests of its citizens has the duty to increase their quality of life. This duty like all measures of the state is limited to such fields where the citizens as single persons could not invoke the necessary measures themselves. The state is not alone setting the ground in this case but may also enforce real actions.
As already with the fairness as well at the Wie schon bei der Gerechtigkeit ist es auch bei der quality of life (German) accepted criteriae would be needed in advance which would define that construct.